Institute of Art Design + Technology
Dún Laoghaire

Caitlin Hennessy 

BSc [Hons] Applied Psychology

I am Caitlin Hennessy, a 2024 graduate of Applied Psychology in IADT, specializing n the practice path. Throughout my time studying in IADT I have developed a keen interest in mental health, developmental psychology and trauma studies. I hope to continue my studies by pursuing a masters and have an event career goal of being a child clinical psychologist.

The effects of procrastination and hours worked in employment on the self-esteem of college students

It has been shown that procrastination can significantly impede the self-esteem of both a general population and the college student population. Additionally increased hours in employment during the college term has had varying effects on the self-esteem of college students. This study aimed to fill the gap in research examining procrastination, hours in employment and self-esteem in conjunction. As the cost of living increases and more students are having to work increased hours, research in this area is vital to determine the effects of this on the overall college experience.

Project Objectives

This study aimed to address the gap in research, examining the effects of procrastination and hours spent in employment on the self-esteem of college students. There were 212 participants, between 18 and 64 years old. Procrastination was measured by the employment of the first 6 subscales of the procrastination assessment scale for students, self-esteem was measured by the Rosenburg self-esteem scale. Hours in employment was determined by demographic questions that first asked if participants were on a specified hour contract. If they were not they were asked to specify hour many hours they worked weekly on average. Participants were grouped into 4 groups depending on the hours they worked and 4 groups depending on their procrastination.

Project Outcomes

The results of this study found that the hours students spent in employment had no significant effect on their self-esteem. However, it was found that procrastination did have A significant effect on the self-esteem of college students, as did hours in employment on their procrastination. In the sample studied, students who had high levels of procrastination had lower levels of self-esteem. Students that spent did not work and students that worked higher hours weekly had high levels of procrastination.
The findings of the present study call for educational institutes to provide further supports for students having to work during their studies. In order to foster self-esteem growth and improve students overall college experience. Additionally it suggests further studies be conducted in the area that employ parametric analysis.