Institute of Art Design + Technology
Dún Laoghaire

Luke Tynan 

BSc [Hons] Applied Psychology

I am a graduate of the BSc in Applied Psychology at IADT, Dublin, Ireland. I am interested in Clinical Psychology.

The Relationship Between Image-Based and Text-Based
Social Media Usage and Self-Esteem

Participants in the present study included males and females between 18 and 25 years of age (n = 88). Participants were asked to complete a short demographic questionnaire to determine the age, gender and social networking site usage time and social networking site preference of the participants. The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) was administered in order to assess the self-esteem of the participants.

Project Objectives

The aim of this study was to evaluate whether a difference exists in the self-esteem scores of emerging adults depending on their usage of social media platforms with a focus on text (i.e., Twitter) vs. images (i.e., Instagram).

Project Outcomes

Results of this study suggested that no relationship existed between the amount of time a person spends on either Instagram or Twitter and their self-esteem. The findings of the current study suggest that concern surrounding the relationship between low self-esteem in emerging adults and excessive use of social networking sites is wholly unwarranted. Future research could examine whether a difference exists in self-esteem score of emerging adults depending on their use of social media platform with a video (i.e, TikTok) vs. Image focus (i.e., Instagram).